Crime Against Women in India: An Unyielding Challenge for Justice and Empowerment


In the labyrinth of social injustice that is the Indian society, one of the most pervasive and egregious issues is the crime against women. Despite the evolution of law, constitution, and societal attitudes, the empowerment and safety of women remain an elusive ideal, often wrapped in the veil of domestic violence, educational disparities, and prevalent patriarchal norms. This essay explores the reality of crime against women in India, the implications of these crimes, and the need for a robust mechanism to address this issue.

Thesis Statement

While the Indian constitution and laws strive to ensure justice and safeguard women’s rights, the escalating cases of crime against women in India underscore the pressing need for a comprehensive approach encompassing women’s empowerment, men’s education, and stringent law enforcement.

The Indian Penal Code contains punitive measures for crimes against women, including domestic violence, rape, and dowry-related offenses. However, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) reported an alarming 7.3% increase in crimes against women in 2019 (National Crime Records Bureau, 2019). These statistics reveal the stark reality that laws alone are insufficient if not complemented by societal changes.

Education is a potent tool for empowerment, and the disparity in women’s education in India contributes to their vulnerability. A 2017 report shows that only 39% of Indian women are literate compared to 64% of men (Census of India, 2017). Educational empowerment equips women with the skills, knowledge, and confidence to resist and report crimes. Hence, strategies for crime reduction must consider the promotion of women’s education.

In addition to women’s education, men’s education is equally pivotal in curbing crimes against women. It is crucial to inculcate respect for women and their rights, from a young age, to dismantle deep-rooted patriarchal ideologies. This can be achieved through school curriculums and public awareness campaigns, which foster a sense of equality and respect.
Law enforcement is another significant aspect of this discourse. The lack of effective implementation of laws and the perpetuation of victim-blaming discourages victims from reporting crimes (Human Rights Watch, 2018). Therefore, the law enforcement agencies must ensure that justice is served swiftly and impartially, and the victims’ dignity is upheld throughout the process.


Crimes against women in India are not just a reflection of the law’s inadequacy, but also a societal failure. A comprehensive approach encompassing women and men’s education, societal attitude change, and stringent law enforcement can pave the way for a safer society for women. The fight against crime is not just a fight for justice; it is a fight for the empowerment, dignity, and progress of half of India’s population.


National Crime Records Bureau. (2019). Crime in India. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.

Census of India. (2017). Literacy in India. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.

Human Rights Watch. (2018). “Everyone blames me”: Barriers to justice and support services for sexual assault survivors in India.

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